Perfectly located in the heart of the Mediterranean, Sicily has been captivating travelers for years with its dramatic landscapes and cultural riches. Use this Sicily Travel Guide to find out more about this large island in the southernmost part of Italy, known for its fantastic food, ideal climate and architectural gems with over 2500 years of ancient history. Sicily is where you’ll find some of the Mediterranean’s best beaches, with powder-fine white sands, smooth gray pebbles, and hidden coves. The landscape is evocative and diverse. Beyond the beaches, there are lush mountains, towering cliffs, and deep forests. Sicily is the perfect place for outdoor activities, as visitors can climb the erupting volcano of Mount Etna, dive in the pristine, warm waters or explore the many offshore islands. Known for its amazing food culture, the fertile island is the perfect growing site for flavorful local ingredients. Award-winning wines, rich olive oil, fresh fish and delicious pasta dishes are some of the island’s “must haves.”From Byzantine mosaics to ancient Greek temples and Roman cathedrals, Sicily is dotted with rich sites of ancient history and architectural masterpieces.The capital city of the island, Palermo, has been the center of a vibrant cross-cultural exchange for millennia, and crumbling 12th-century ruins are scattered between enticing markets and modern museums.- Where is Sicily?Sicily is an island in the central Mediterranean Sea, forming the southernmost region of Italy. It is separated from the Italian mainland to the east by the Strait of Messina and is situated about 56 miles north of the island of Malta.- What is the best season for a vacation in Sicily?Sicily enjoys a long summer, where the balmy weather starts in spring and continues into autumn - and even when the temperatures soar in midsummer, the northeastern side of the island is cooled by the coastal breeze. In May and June, you’ll find the harbors bustling with fishermen bringing in fresh tuna, and it’s also when the orange and almond trees burst into bloom. For a cozy winter getaway, Sicily’s hilly interior enjoys snowfall in winter, and Mount Etna is usually capped with white peaks from October to May.